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천문학회지(JKAS) , Vol.56 no.1 (2023)
Correlation Study of Temporal and Emission Properties of Quiescent Magnetars
We measured temporal and emission properties of quiescent magnetars using archival Chandra and XMM-Newton data, produced a list of the properties for 17 magnetars, and revisited previously suggested correlations between the properties. Our studies carried out with a larger sample, better spectral characterizations, and more thorough analyses not only confirmed previously-suggested correlations but also found new ones. The observed correlations differ from those seen in other neutron-star populations but generally accord with magnetar models. Specifically, the trends of the intriguing correlations of blackbody luminosity (BB) with the spin-inferred dipole magnetic field strength (S) and characteristic age (c) were measured to be BB ∝ 1.5 S and BB ∝ −0.6 c , supporting the twisted magnetosphere and magnetothermal evolution models for magnetars. We report the analysis results and discuss our findings in the context of magnetar models.